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    In the nearest surroundings the sites dated 2000 B.C. were discovered in the villages of Pushlakhta, Letnyaya Zolotitsa, Letniy Navolok, and on the Paraninsky stream.

 

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    218.31. Navolok village (Durakovo). The site. II-I thousand years B.C. Discovered by A.Y.Brusov in 1927. The archaeological remains gathered around the village of Navolok contained triangle and rhombic fairy-stones, scrapers and fragments of different tools.

 

    The site was examined by A.A. Kuratov in 1969. The found remains include fairy-stones characteristic of the White Sea region, triangle end scrapers, knives and expressionless silicic figurine (A.Y. Brusov, 1928; A.A. Kuratov, 1970)

 

     219.32. Parany stream. The site. Not dated. The site was discovered by A.Y. Brusov, 1928 (V.I. Smirnov, 1937).

 

    220.33. The Village of Letnyaya Zolotitsa. The site. II thousand year B.C. Discovered by G. Galstrem in 1910. According to V.I.Smirnov, the site close to Letnyaya Zolotitsa is ruined (V.I. Smirnov, 1937; M.E. Foss, 1952).

 

     221.34. The village of Pushlakhta. The site. II thousand years B.C. Discovered by A.Y. Brusov in 1928. The site was re-examined by A.A. Kuratov in 1969. The site is situated on the Onega coast of the White Sea, in dunes, totally ruined (M.E. Foss, 1952; A.A. Kuratov, 1970).

   

     333.1. Muksalma-1. The site. II - I thousand years B.C. Discovered in 1975 by A.A. Kuratov on the northeastern end of Bolshaya Muksalma island, in a dispersed ridge of dunes. Shore terrace, made of stones and sand is lifted stepwise on the height of 8-10 m; at the back of the terrace, near the site, there are ridges of bourocks of artificial origin.

The site was upturned by A.A. Kuratov in 1975-1977. The cultural layer (3-10 cm) is examined during two diggings (the area of 70 meters). Silicic materials consists of fairy-stones of the White Sea type, scrapers, fragments of knives, cores and a mix of pieces. The poorly preserved ceramics had ridge ornamentation. (A.A. Kuratov, 1976, 1978).

 

     334.2. Maly Zayatsky island. Two labyrinths. Silicic seal fugurine. II - I thousand years B.C. (A.V. Eliseev, 1883; A.A. Spicin, 1904; A.A. Kuratov, 1975)

 

     335.3. Bolshoy Zayatsky island. Sanctuary. Burial ground. II - I thousand years B.C. 13 stone labyrinths, three dolmens, 610 stone bourocks, masonworks and ridges, traces of quartz industry (.V. Eliseev, 1883; A.A. Spicin, 1904; N.N. Vinogradov. 1927; N.N. Gurina, 1948; A.A. Kuratov, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1975).

 

     336.4. Anzersky island, western coast, south of the Kenga settlement. 4 stone labyrinths. Discovered by K.P. Ghemp in 1949. Not examined.

 

     337.5. Anzersky island, southern coast, Plotishche. Labyrinth. Discovered by K.P. Ghemp. Not examined.

 

    338.6. Anzersky island, southern coast, Mogilniki. Labyrith. Discovered in 1949. K.P. Ghemp discovered a horseshoe-shaped labyrinths, explored by A.A. Kuratov in 1969 (A.A. Kuratov, 1970).

 

    339.7. Anzersky island, Kolguy peninsula. Sanctuary. Cult buildings. Three groups of depositions with tombstones. Two labyrinths. II - I thousand years B.C. – XII-XVII centuries. Colguy peninsula is explored by N.N. Vinogradov for the first time; the examination of ancient sites was continued by A.A. Kuratov in 1967, 1969, 1971 and 1977.

After the fire in 1975 the Kolguy peninsula had lost its vegetation. In 1977 A.A Kuratov together with I.I. Gohman and T.V. Lukyanchenko examined the burial grounds. One of the masonworks was demounted but there were no relics of people buried. On the burial ground’s territory made by saami, the huge collection of ceramic materials was gathered. There are the remains of funeral feasts, dated XII-XV. There also occur later ceramics.

Not far from the burial grounds, 100 meters southwest, there is a horseshoe-shaped stone labyrinth of classic type (the second labyrinth is totally ruined). The size of the examined labyrinth are: north-south ox – 12 meters, east-west – 12,5 m; external circle – 39 m; altitude above sea level is 8 meters. (N.N. Vinogradov. 1927; A.A Kuratov, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1978).

 

    340.8. Anzersky island, Cape of the Labyrinths, near Kaporskaya inlet. Sanctuary, 4 labyrinths, 40 bourocks, stone dugout, stone ridges and masonworks, the traces of quartz industry. II - I thousand years B.C. (N.N. Vinogradov. 1927; N.N. Gurina, 1948; A.A. Kuratov, 1972, 1973).

 

    341.9. Anzersky island, the east coast of Troitskaya inlet, near the life-station. Labyrinths. Not examined (report of N.I. Shilov).

 

    342.10. Bolshoy Solovetsky island. Solovetsky gulf, north of Kislukha inlet. 4 labyrinths, bourocks and stone ridges, stone “wing net”. All sites are destroyed. (N.N. Vinogradov, 1927; N.N. Gurina, 1948; A.A. Kuratov, 1972, 1973).

 

    343.11. Bolshoy Solovetsky island. Solovetsky gulf, 300 meters north of the preceding group of sites. Mound. Not dated. Digged in 1926 by G.A. Ivanov, examined completely by A.A. Kuratov, 1970).

 

    344.12. Bolshoy Solovetsky island. Solovetsky gulf, south of Kislukha inlet. Stone labyrinths. Two half-ruined horseshoe-shaped labyrinths were discovered in 1949 by K.P. Ghemp. In 1967 A.A. Kuratov explored the labyrinths. They are practically ruined. In eastern direction from the labyrinths there is a line of bourocks and stone ridges, ending with 4 tremendous boulders. West of the labyrinths there are two more boulders, that conclude the architectural ensemble of the sanctuary (A.A. Kuratov, 1970).

 

    345.13. Bolshoy Solovetsky island. Western Solovetsky salma, between the capes Beluzhy and Perech-Navolok. Labyrinth and stone buildings. II - I thousand years B.C. explored by A.A. Kuratov in 1973-1974. Horse-shoe shaped labyrinth of classic type. Near the labyrinth there is a stone mound and a complex of boulder constructions – bourocks and ridges (A.A. Kuratov, 1974, 1975).

 

    346.14. Bolshoy Solovetsky island, the northern coast, near the capes Nerpichy and Ovsyanka. Bourocks, shaped masonworks in form of corridors, labyrinths and burial ground. The complex of sites is not explored (A.A. Kuratov, 1975).

 

    347.15. Solovetsky fortress. XV – XVII cent. As the result of archaeological and geophysical research made in Solovetsky fortress in 1968 and 1971 by A.N. Kirpichnikov and K.K. Shilik, the first row of fortress towers and partly the fortress land near the towers were examined. As the device stated, in Arkhangelskaya tower there is the hole and on the depth of 0.8 meters there are two cannon barrels of the second half of XVII century. The found barrels are the rare examples of standard foundings. – They are standard by their form and size: their total length is 229 cm, caliber of 9,4-9,5 cm.

 

    In 1971 magnetic gradiometer showed that on the territory of the Fortress there are 8 large anomalies. All of them are checked archaeologically. The gathering of iron things were discovered, and once in Southern passage of Sacred Gates 0,3 meters deep in the ground there was a shutter riveted together from 20 metal sheets (0,76x1,28 meters), dated XVII century. Archaeological clearing was made inside the Arkhangelskaya tower. There were discovered medieval iron things like door butts, cannon balls. All in all, the Solovetsky monastery had preserved 16 gun barrels and more that 400 cannon balls.

 

    In recent years the archaeological examination of ancient surface of the fortress were made near the watermill because of the restoration works of All-Union Industrial scientific and restoration combine. In 1976 – 1977 V.A. Burov conducted archeological and engineer research and as the result the segments of XVI century drainpipe near the Refectory were opened, the remains of the cannon skiddings of the XVIII century were discovered between Pryadilnaya and Belaya towers.

 

    In 1976 O.V. Ovsyannikov examined the barrier works of XVII – XIX centuries, situated near the fortress. The bastion (over the Cape Seldyanoy) was revealed, it goes back to the time of Solovetsky riot in 1668-1676, the two redoubts of the XVIII and places of the two Crimean war squadrons were examined. The works give a possibility to provide the museum with recommendations for partial restoration of these objects and including them in the exposition of the monastery complex. (A.N. Kirpichnikov, K.K. Shilik, 1969, 1972; V.A. Burov, 1977, O.V. Ovsyannikov, 1977). 

 

 

    Source: http://projects.pomorsu.ru

    Not far from “Letnyaya Zolotitsa” there are the  White Sea petroglyphs, the ancient images embossed on stones. Images are stratified: the oldest ones can be even 6 thousand years old, the “newest” go back to XIV century. Among the main values of the        White sea petroglyths are their originality, mystique, variety of themes and style, plenty of scenes, the quality of work, good preservation, exceptionally expressive natural ...
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