Island Zhizhgin

On the island there are many interesting Zhizhgin biological objects of observation. For example, seals. At any time you can see from the lighthouse seals sunbathing on the coastal rocks, on ludah and corgi. Seals always keep near the island and you can count  of a few dozen to two hundred individuals. Some days just on the  Churnavolotskoy plait in the water there are  up to 100 seals. You can watch the seals rest, hunt (for example, make "pot", surrounding the cluster of fish) swim up to the boats  and the white whale, showing curiosity. 

In the absence of stormy weather there are always white whales near  the island Zhizhgin, showing an interesting hunting behavior. According to scientists at the same time you can observe up to 20 individuals. 

In addition, on the island Zhizhgin there are  large colonies of birds, in particular, the largest in Russia, arctic tern colony (13 - 15 000 individuals). Here, hundreds seagulls are  nesting , and also- eiders, sandpipers and a few pairs of skuas. During this time, you can always watch fights between different species of birds, some of which are ruining their nests in searching  of food, while others protect their crop. 

The most spectacular, which can be seen almost every day – arrivalof white-tailed eagles from the Onega Peninsula to  hunt. First of all, it's big and beautiful eagles, and secondly, hundreds of birds around them and try to banish from  the island. All this can be clearly seen from the lighthouse. 

Also the vegetation of the island is very interesting , both land and coast  (algae). On the island Zhizhgin, as well as on the island Anzer, you  can observe a variety of plant communities from grassland to tundra. Here you  can see protected species (orchids, globe flower),and here are also interesting phonological features characteristic of island vegetation. 

History of the island Zhizhgin is rich also like a history of the Solovetsky Islands. Here  Neolithic site was discovered (West Island)probably , there were Sami religious buildings (mazes and other places of worship in the south and west of the island). As Solovetsky Islands, Zhizhgin occupied a strategic position, blocking the entrance to Onega gulf .Here was a watch-tower,  from which at the end of the XVIII century.customs were  tracking commercial vessels , and earlier, apparently the watchmen were following the  approaches of  Swedish vessels . At the end of the XVIII century, here was  also the pilotage service for vessels through the Zhizhginskaya Salma and coastal waters of East Solovetskaya Salma. On the east bank there are remains of boulder structures. 

Existing building a lighthouse was built in 1841 and we know  information about the lighthouse, their dynasties. Gravestone of first Isakovski lighthouse inspector  lies near the lighthouse.

In the XX century , the island was  a place of travel of the Gulag, then the villageof  the agar plant (plant building near  the pier), military unit.

 

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